Faculty Profiles

Kenneth Covinsky, MD, MPH

4150 Clement St
San Francisco, CA 94121
415-221-4810 ext. 4363

Dr. Covinsky is a clinician-researcher in the UCSF Division of Geriatrics. His work focuses on understanding the determinants and outcomes of disability in older persons. He holds the Edmund G. Brown, Sr Distinguished Professorship in Geriatrics and is Principal Investigator of the UCSF Older Americans Independence Center.

Dr. Covinsky completed his undergraduate degree at the University of Illinois and medical school at UCSF. He completed his internal medical training on the Osler Medical Service of the Johns Hopkins Hospital, a fellowship in General Internal Medicine at the Beth Israel Hospital, and an MPH degree at the Harvard School of Public Health.

Dr. Covinsky was recruited back to UCSF in 1988 to lead the research program of the UCSF Geriatrics Division. He has led a nationally recognized research program that has advanced our understanding of the determinants and outcomes of disability in older persons. He has conducted pioneering work that has defined the hospitalization disability syndrome by demonstrating how hospitalization frequently precipitates disability in older persons. He is also a national leader in the science of prognostication in older persons. His work has proven that functional status is a vital determinant of health outcomes and quality of life in older persons.

Dr. Covinsky is passionate about mentoring trainees who are committed to improving the health and well being of older persons. He has received local and national awards for research mentorship including the Bay Area Clinical Research Mentor of the Year Award and the SGIM Midcareer Research Mentoring Award. Several of his mentees, including Louise Walter, Mike Steinman, Sei Lee, and Alex Smith are now local and national leaders in aging research.

Dr. Covinsky is Principal Investigator of the UCSF Older Americans Independence Center (OAIC), a National Institute on Aging Funded Pepper Center. The UCSF OAIC supports UCSF researchers who are working to improve the health outcomes and quality of life of older persons.

Dr. Covinsky attends on the Medical Service and Acute Care For Elders Unit and cares for patients in the Geriatrics clinic at the San Francisco VA Medical Center. He is an Associate Editor at JAMA-Internal Medicine and has served as chair of the Clinical Aging Study section at the National Institute on Aging.

Education and Training

Location Degree or Training Specialty Date
University of California, San Francisco M.D. Medicine 1988


Disability, Epidemiology, Geriatrics, Mentoring, Quality of Life: Prognosis

Awards and Honors
2018   Academic Senate Distinction In Mentoring Award for faculty at the rank of full Professor, University of California, San Francisco, 2018
2007   Mid Career Research Mentorship Award, Society of General Internal Mediine, 2007
2007   American Society For Clinical Investigation, 2007
2005   Clinical Research Mentor of the Year, Bay Area Clinical Research Symposium, 2005
1999   Paul Beeson Faculty Scholar in Aging Research, 1999

In the News

Awarded Grants

Project Title Project Number Fiscal Year
NIAMS Multidisciplinary Clinical Research Center P60AR053308 2017
Recent Articles (202)

Portacolone E, Rubinstein RL, Covinsky KE, Halpern J, Johnson JK. The Precarity of Older Adults Living Alone With Cognitive Impairment. Gerontologist. 2018 Jan 24.

Brown RT, Covinsky KE. Frailty as an Outcome in Geriatrics Research: Not Ready for Prime Time? Ann Intern Med. 2018 Jan 09.

Portacolone E, Johnson JK, Covinsky KE, Halpern J, Rubinstein RL. The Effects and Meanings of Receiving a Diagnosis of Mild Cognitive Impairment or Alzheimer's Disease When One Lives Alone. J Alzheimers Dis. 2018; 61(4):1517-1529.

Leung JM, Sands LP, Chen N, Ames C, Berven S, Bozic K, Burch S, Chou D, Covinsky K, Deviren V, Kinjo S, Kramer JH, Ries M, Tay B, Vail T, Weinstein P, Chang S, Meckler G, Newman S, Tsai T, Voss V, Youngblom E. Perioperative Gabapentin Does Not Reduce Postoperative Delirium in Older Surgical Patients: A Randomized Clinical Trial. Anesthesiology. 2017 Oct; 127(4):633-644.

Willham K, Covinsky K, Widera E. Geriatrics Literature 2016 Year in Review. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2017 Sep 05.

Gardner RC, Peltz CB, Kenney K, Covinsky KE, Diaz-Arrastia R, Yaffe K. Remote Traumatic Brain Injury Is Associated with Motor Dysfunction in Older Military Veterans. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2017 Sep 01; 72(9):1233-1238.

Kelley AS, Bollens-Lund E, Covinsky KE, Skinner JS, Morrison RS. Prospective Identification of Patients at Risk for Unwarranted Variation in Treatment. J Palliat Med. 2017 Aug 03.

Whitlock EL, Diaz-Ramirez LG, Glymour MM, Boscardin WJ, Covinsky KE, Smith AK. Association Between Persistent Pain and Memory Decline and Dementia in a Longitudinal Cohort of Elders. JAMA Intern Med. 2017 Aug 01; 177(8):1146-1153.

Lai JC, Covinsky KE, Dodge JL, Boscardin WJ, Segev DL, Roberts JP, Feng S. Development of a novel frailty index to predict mortality in patients with end-stage liver disease. Hepatology. 2017 Aug; 66(2):564-574.

Greysen SR, Stijacic Cenzer I, Boscardin WJ, Covinsky KE. Functional Impairment: An Unmeasured Marker of Medicare Costs for Postacute Care of Older Adults. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2017 Sep; 65(9):1996-2002.

Wolff JL, Mulcahy J, Huang J, Roth DL, Covinsky K, Kasper JD. Family Caregivers of Older Adults, 1999-2015: Trends in Characteristics, Circumstances, and Role-Related Appraisal. Gerontologist. 2017 Jun 16.

Bleijenberg N, Smith AK, Lee SJ, Cenzer IS, Boscardin JW, Covinsky KE. Difficulty Managing Medications and Finances in Older Adults: A 10-year Cohort Study. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2017 Jul; 65(7):1455-1461.

Samoylova ML, Covinsky KE, Haftek M, Kuo S, Roberts JP, Lai JC. Disability in patients with end-stage liver disease: Results from the functional assessment in liver transplantation study. Liver Transpl. 2017 Mar; 23(3):292-298.

Leng Y, Stone K, Ancoli-Israel S, Covinsky K, Yaffe K. Who Take Naps? Self-Reported and Objectively Measured Napping in Very Old Women. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2017 Feb 18.

Greene M, Justice AC, Covinsky KE. Assessment of geriatric syndromes and physical function in people living with HIV. Virulence. 2017 Jul 04; 8(5):586-598.

Tang VL, Sudore R, Cenzer IS, Boscardin WJ, Smith A, Ritchie C, Wallhagen M, Finlayson E, Petrillo L, Covinsky K. Rates of Recovery to Pre-Fracture Function in Older Persons with Hip Fracture: an Observational Study. J Gen Intern Med. 2017 Feb; 32(2):153-158.

Tang VL, Covinsky K. Frailty and Surgical Decision Making. Ann Intern Med. 2016 Nov 01; 165(9):669-670.

Ritchie CS, Kelley AS, Stijacic Cenzer I, Smith AK, Wallhagen ML, Covinsky KE. High Levels of Geriatric Palliative Care Needs in Hip Fracture Patients Before the Hip Fracture. J Pain Symptom Manage. 2016 Oct; 52(4):533-538.

Wang CW, Feng S, Covinsky KE, Hayssen H, Zhou LQ, Yeh BM, Lai JC. A Comparison of Muscle Function, Mass, and Quality in Liver Transplant Candidates: Results From the Functional Assessment in Liver Transplantation Study. Transplantation. 2016 Aug; 100(8):1692-8.

Parks AL, Covinsky KE. Anticoagulation in the Very Old. JAMA Intern Med. 2016 Aug 01; 176(8):1184.

Linos E, Chren MM, Stijacic Cenzer I, Covinsky KE. Skin Cancer in U.S. Elderly Adults: Does Life Expectancy Play a Role in Treatment Decisions? J Am Geriatr Soc. 2016 Aug; 64(8):1610-5.

Cain KD, Sehgal BR, Covinsky KE, Kaelber DC, Sehgal AR. The Clinical Impact of Medical Journals. Ann Intern Med. 2016 Aug 02; 165(3):227-8.

Cenzer IS, Tang V, Boscardin WJ, Smith AK, Ritchie C, Wallhagen MI, Espaldon R, Covinsky KE. One-Year Mortality After Hip Fracture: Development and Validation of a Prognostic Index. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2016 Sep; 64(9):1863-8.

Lai JC, Covinsky KE, Hayssen H, Lizaola B, Dodge J, Roberts JP, Terrault NA, Feng S. Response to clinical assessments of health status as a potential marker to identify patients who are too sick to undergo transplantation. Liver Int. 2016 Apr; 36(4):611.

Kelley AS, Covinsky KE, Gorges RJ, McKendrick K, Bollens-Lund E, Morrison RS, Ritchie CS. Identifying Older Adults with Serious Illness: A Critical Step toward Improving the Value of Health Care. Health Serv Res. 2017 Feb; 52(1):113-131.

Covinsky KE, Redberg RF. An Intervention to Reduce Use of Low-Value Imaging Tests. JAMA Intern Med. 2016 Feb; 176(2):198.

Covinsky KE. Risks Associated With Catheters. JAMA Intern Med. 2016 Jan; 176(1):115.

Lai JC, Dodge JL, Sen S, Covinsky K, Feng S. Functional decline in patients with cirrhosis awaiting liver transplantation: Results from the functional assessment in liver transplantation (FrAILT) study. Hepatology. 2016 Feb; 63(2):574-80.

Wang CW, Covinsky KE, Feng S, Hayssen H, Segev DL, Lai JC. Functional impairment in older liver transplantation candidates: From the functional assessment in liver transplantation study. Liver Transpl. 2015 Dec; 21(12):1465-70.

Greysen SR, Covinsky KE. Physical Function and Hospital Readmissions-Reply. JAMA Intern Med. 2015 Oct; 175(10):1723.

Smith AK, Cenzer IS, John Boscardin W, Ritchie CS, Wallhagen ML, Covinsky KE. Increase in Disability Prevalence Before Hip Fracture. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2015 Oct; 63(10):2029-35.

Hunt LJ, Covinsky KE, Yaffe K, Stephens CE, Miao Y, Boscardin WJ, Smith AK. Pain in Community-Dwelling Older Adults with Dementia: Results from the National Health and Aging Trends Study. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2015 Aug; 63(8):1503-11.

Ornstein KA, Leff B, Covinsky KE, Ritchie CS, Federman AD, Roberts L, Kelley AS, Siu AL, Szanton SL. Epidemiology of the Homebound Population in the United States. JAMA Intern Med. 2015 Jul; 175(7):1180-6.

Bautista CA, Covinsky K, Aronson L. Chronic care management for Medicare patients--reply. JAMA. 2015 Jun 09; 313(22):2286-7.

Greene M, Covinsky KE, Valcour V, Miao Y, Madamba J, Lampiris H, Cenzer IS, Martin J, Deeks SG. Geriatric Syndromes in Older HIV-Infected Adults. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2015 Jun 01; 69(2):161-7.

Oresanya L, Zhao S, Gan S, Fries BE, Goodney PP, Covinsky KE, Conte MS, Finlayson E. Functional outcomes after lower extremity revascularization in nursing home residents: a national cohort study. JAMA Intern Med. 2015 Jun; 175(6):951-7.

Greysen SR, Stijacic Cenzer I, Auerbach AD, Covinsky KE. Functional impairment and hospital readmission in Medicare seniors. JAMA Intern Med. 2015 Apr; 175(4):559-65.

Covinsky KE. The critical importance of functional status in critical illness. JAMA Intern Med. 2015 Apr; 175(4):530.

He S, Craig BA, Xu H, Covinsky KE, Stallard E, Thomas J, Hass Z, Sands LP. Unmet Need for ADL Assistance Is Associated With Mortality Among Older Adults With Mild Disability. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2015 Sep; 70(9):1128-32.

Aronson L, Bautista CA, Covinsky K. Medicare and care coordination: expanding the clinician's toolbox. JAMA. 2015 Feb 24; 313(8):797-8.

Lai JC, Covinsky KE, Hayssen H, Lizaola B, Dodge JL, Roberts JP, Terrault NA, Feng S. Clinician assessments of health status predict mortality in patients with end-stage liver disease awaiting liver transplantation. Liver Int. 2015 Sep; 35(9):2167-73.

Greene M, Covinsky K, Astemborski J, Piggott DA, Brown T, Leng S, Galai N, Mehta SH, Guralnik J, Patel KV, Kirk GD. The relationship of physical performance with HIV disease and mortality. AIDS. 2014 Nov 28; 28(18):2711-9.

Perissinotto CM, Covinsky KE. Living alone, socially isolated or lonely--what are we measuring? J Gen Intern Med. 2014 Nov; 29(11):1429-31.

Lee SJ, Boscardin WJ, Kirby KA, Covinsky KE. Individualizing life expectancy estimates for older adults using the Gompertz Law of Human Mortality. PLoS One. 2014; 9(9):e108540.

Lai JC, Covinsky K, Feng S. The octogenarian donor: can the liver be "younger than stated age"? Am J Transplant. 2014 Sep; 14(9):1962-3.

Greysen SR, Chin Garcia C, Sudore RL, Cenzer IS, Covinsky KE. Functional impairment and Internet use among older adults: implications for meaningful use of patient portals. JAMA Intern Med. 2014 Jul; 174(7):1188-90.

Lai JC, Feng S, Terrault NA, Lizaola B, Hayssen H, Covinsky K. Frailty predicts waitlist mortality in liver transplant candidates. Am J Transplant. 2014 Aug; 14(8):1870-9.

Lindquist LA, Covinsky K, Langa KM, Petty BG, Williams BC, Kutner JS. Making general internal medicine research relevant to the older patient with multiple chronic comorbidities. J Gen Intern Med. 2014 Jun; 29(6):915-9.

Moody SY, Newsom EM, Covinsky KE. Determinants of perceived emotional recovery and perceived change in health after a disaster. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2014 Jun; 62(6):1189-91.

Covinsky KE. Multimorbidity, guidelines, and clinical inertia. JAMA Intern Med. 2014 May; 174(5):819.

Byers AL, Covinsky KE, Neylan TC, Yaffe K. Chronicity of posttraumatic stress disorder and risk of disability in older persons. JAMA Psychiatry. 2014 May; 71(5):540-6.

Eubank KJ, Covinsky KE. Delirium severity in the hospitalized patient: time to pay attention. Ann Intern Med. 2014 Apr 15; 160(8):574-5.

Kelley AS, Langa KM, Smith AK, Cagle J, Ornstein K, Silveira MJ, Nicholas L, Covinsky KE, Ritchie CS. Leveraging the health and retirement study to advance palliative care research. J Palliat Med. 2014 May; 17(5):506-11.

O'Hare AM, Hotchkiss JR, Kurella Tamura M, Larson EB, Hemmelgarn BR, Batten A, Do TP, Covinsky KE. Interpreting treatment effects from clinical trials in the context of real-world risk information: end-stage renal disease prevention in older adults. JAMA Intern Med. 2014 Mar; 174(3):391-7.

Greysen SR, Covinsky KE. Functional status--an important but overlooked variable in the readmissions equation. J Hosp Med. 2014 May; 9(5):330-1.

Covinsky KE. Palliative care?=?hope. JAMA Intern Med. 2014 Jan; 174(1):14.

Covinsky KE. Using the GO-FAR score. JAMA Intern Med. 2013 Nov 11; 173(20):1878.

Zeki Al Hazzouri A, Vittinghoff E, Byers A, Covinsky K, Blazer D, Diem S, Ensrud KE, Yaffe K. Long-term cumulative depressive symptom burden and risk of cognitive decline and dementia among very old women. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2014 May; 69(5):595-601.

Smith AK, Walter LC, Miao Y, Boscardin WJ, Covinsky KE. Disability during the last two years of life. JAMA Intern Med. 2013 Sep 09; 173(16):1506-13.

Covinsky KE. The problem of overuse. JAMA Intern Med. 2013 Aug 12; 173(15):1446.

Greysen SR, Horwitz LI, Covinsky KE, Gordon K, Ohl ME, Justice AC. Does social isolation predict hospitalization and mortality among HIV+ and uninfected older veterans? J Am Geriatr Soc. 2013 Sep; 61(9):1456-63.

Covinsky KE. Hospitalization in older persons: not just a medical outcome, a social outcome as well: comment on "Elder abuse as a risk factor for hospitalization in older persons". JAMA Intern Med. 2013 May 27; 173(10):919.

Covinsky KE, Cenzer IS, Yaffe K, O'Brien S, Blazer DG. Dysphoria and anhedonia as risk factors for disability or death in older persons: implications for the assessment of geriatric depression. Am J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2014 Jun; 22(6):606-13.

Andrews JS, Cenzer IS, Yelin E, Covinsky KE. Pain as a risk factor for disability or death. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2013 Apr; 61(4):583-9.

Cruz M, Covinsky K, Widera EW, Stijacic-Cenzer I, Lee SJ. Predicting 10-year mortality for older adults. JAMA. 2013 Mar 06; 309(9):874-6.

Covinsky KE. The incremental nature of clinical research: comment on "The association of aspirin use with age-related macular degeneration". JAMA Intern Med. 2013 Feb 25; 173(4):266.

Odden MC, Peralta CA, Covinsky KE. Walking speed is a useful marker of frailty in older persons--reply. JAMA Intern Med. 2013 Feb 25; 173(4):325-6.

Perissinotto C, Covinsky KE. Health status in elderly persons living alone--reply. JAMA Intern Med. 2013 Feb 25; 173(4):323-4.

Covinsky KE. The differential diagnosis of living alone: comment on "Living alone and risk of mortality in older, community-dwelling adults". JAMA Intern Med. 2013 Feb 25; 173(4):321.

Aragon K, Covinsky K, Miao Y, Boscardin WJ, Flint L, Smith AK. Use of the Medicare posthospitalization skilled nursing benefit in the last 6 months of life. Arch Intern Med. 2012 Nov 12; 172(20):1573-9.

Byers AL, Vittinghoff E, Lui LY, Hoang T, Blazer DG, Covinsky KE, Ensrud KE, Cauley JA, Hillier TA, Fredman L, Yaffe K. Twenty-year depressive trajectories among older women. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2012 Oct; 69(10):1073-9.

Naylor MD, Karlawish JH, Arnold SE, Khachaturian AS, Khachaturian ZS, Lee VM, Baumgart M, Banerjee S, Beck C, Blennow K, Brookmeyer R, Brunden KR, Buckwalter KC, Comer M, Covinsky K, Feinberg LF, Frisoni G, Green C, Guimaraes RM, Gwyther LP, Hefti FF, Hutton M, Kawas C, Kent DM, Kuller L, Langa KM, Mahley RW, Maslow K, Masters CL, Meier DE, Neumann PJ, Paul SM, Petersen RC, Sager MA, Sano M, Schenk D, Soares H, Sperling RA, Stahl SM, van Deerlin V, Stern Y, Weir D, Wolk DA, Trojanowski JQ. Advancing Alzheimer's disease diagnosis, treatment, and care: recommendations from the Ware Invitational Summit. Alzheimers Dement. 2012 Sep; 8(5):445-52.

Odden MC, Peralta CA, Haan MN, Covinsky KE. Rethinking the association of high blood pressure with mortality in elderly adults: the impact of frailty. Arch Intern Med. 2012 Aug 13; 172(15):1162-8.

Depalma G, Xu H, Covinsky KE, Craig BA, Stallard E, Thomas J, Sands LP. Hospital readmission among older adults who return home with unmet need for ADL disability. Gerontologist. 2013 Jun; 53(3):454-61.

Byers AL, Covinsky KE, Barnes DE, Yaffe K. Dysthymia and depression increase risk of dementia and mortality among older veterans. Am J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2012 Aug; 20(8):664-72.

Perissinotto CM, Stijacic Cenzer I, Covinsky KE. Loneliness in older persons: a predictor of functional decline and death. Arch Intern Med. 2012 Jul 23; 172(14):1078-83.

Spira AP, Covinsky K, Rebok GW, Stone KL, Redline S, Yaffe K. Objectively measured sleep quality and nursing home placement in older women. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2012 Jul; 60(7):1237-43.

Smith AK, McCarthy E, Weber E, Cenzer IS, Boscardin J, Fisher J, Covinsky K. Half of older Americans seen in emergency department in last month of life; most admitted to hospital, and many die there. Health Aff (Millwood). 2012 Jun; 31(6):1277-85.

Spira AP, Covinsky K, Rebok GW, Punjabi NM, Stone KL, Hillier TA, Ensrud KE, Yaffe K. Poor sleep quality and functional decline in older women. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2012 Jun; 60(6):1092-8.

Xu H, Covinsky KE, Stallard E, Thomas J, Sands LP. Insufficient help for activity of daily living disabilities and risk of all-cause hospitalization. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2012 May; 60(5):927-33.

Odden MC, Covinsky KE, Neuhaus JM, Mayeda ER, Peralta CA, Haan MN. The association of blood pressure and mortality differs by self-reported walking speed in older Latinos. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2012 Sep; 67(9):977-83.

Chen B, Covinsky KE, Stijacic Cenzer I, Adler N, Williams BA. Subjective social status and functional decline in older adults. J Gen Intern Med. 2012 Jun; 27(6):693-9.

Covinsky KE, Pierluissi E, Johnston CB. Hospitalization-associated disability: "She was probably able to ambulate, but I'm not sure". JAMA. 2011 Oct 26; 306(16):1782-93.

Steinman MA, Handler SM, Gurwitz JH, Schiff GD, Covinsky KE. Beyond the prescription: medication monitoring and adverse drug events in older adults. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2011 Aug; 59(8):1513-20.

Sudore RL, Covinsky KE. Respecting elders by respecting their paid caregivers. J Gen Intern Med. 2011 May; 26(5):464-5.

Widera E, Covinsky KE. Fulfilling our obligation to the caregiver: it's time for action: comment on "Translation of a dementia caregiver support program in a health care system--REACH VA". Arch Intern Med. 2011 Feb 28; 171(4):359-60.

Smith AK, Ayanian JZ, Covinsky KE, Landon BE, McCarthy EP, Wee CC, Steinman MA. Conducting high-value secondary dataset analysis: an introductory guide and resources. J Gen Intern Med. 2011 Aug; 26(8):920-9.

O'Hare AM, Covinsky KE. Prediction modeling to assess the prognostic significance of a biomarker panel. J Am Soc Nephrol. 2010 Dec; 21(12):2017-9.

Smith AK, Cenzer IS, Knight SJ, Puntillo KA, Widera E, Williams BA, Boscardin WJ, Covinsky KE. The epidemiology of pain during the last 2 years of life. Ann Intern Med. 2010 Nov 02; 153(9):563-9.

Kelly A, Conell-Price J, Covinsky K, Cenzer IS, Chang A, Boscardin WJ, Smith AK. Length of stay for older adults residing in nursing homes at the end of life. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2010 Sep; 58(9):1701-6.

Yaffe K, Vittinghoff E, Lindquist K, Barnes D, Covinsky KE, Neylan T, Kluse M, Marmar C. Posttraumatic stress disorder and risk of dementia among US veterans. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2010 Jun; 67(6):608-13.

Byers AL, Yaffe K, Covinsky KE, Friedman MB, Bruce ML. High occurrence of mood and anxiety disorders among older adults: The National Comorbidity Survey Replication. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2010 May; 67(5):489-96.

Barnes DE, Covinsky KE, Whitmer RA, Kuller LH, Lopez OL, Yaffe K. Commentary on "Developing a national strategy to prevent dementia: Leon Thal Symposium 2009." Dementia risk indices: A framework for identifying individuals with a high dementia risk. Alzheimers Dement. 2010 Mar; 6(2):138-41.

Covinsky KE, Yaffe K, Lindquist K, Cherkasova E, Yelin E, Blazer DG. Depressive symptoms in middle age and the development of later-life functional limitations: the long-term effect of depressive symptoms. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2010 Mar; 58(3):551-6.

Schmitt EM, Sands LP, Weiss S, Dowling G, Covinsky K. Adult day health center participation and health-related quality of life. Gerontologist. 2010 Aug; 50(4):531-40.

Ayalon L, Covinsky KE. Spouse-rated vs self-rated health as predictors of mortality. Arch Intern Med. 2009 Dec 14; 169(22):2156-61.

Kurella Tamura M, Covinsky KE, Chertow GM, Yaffe K, Landefeld CS, McCulloch CE. Functional status of elderly adults before and after initiation of dialysis. N Engl J Med. 2009 Oct 15; 361(16):1539-47.

Williams BA, Baillargeon JG, Lindquist K, Walter LC, Covinsky KE, Whitson HE, Steinman MA. Medication prescribing practices for older prisoners in the Texas prison system. Am J Public Health. 2010 Apr; 100(4):756-61.

Justice AC, McGinnis KA, Skanderson M, Chang CC, Gibert CL, Goetz MB, Rimland D, Rodriguez-Barradas MC, Oursler KK, Brown ST, Braithwaite RS, May M, Covinsky KE, Roberts MS, Fultz SL, Bryant KJ. Towards a combined prognostic index for survival in HIV infection: the role of 'non-HIV' biomarkers. HIV Med. 2010 Feb; 11(2):143-51.

Mehta KM, Stewart AL, Langa KM, Yaffe K, Moody-Ayers S, Williams BA, Covinsky KE. "Below average" self-assessed school performance and Alzheimer's disease in the Aging, Demographics, and Memory Study. Alzheimers Dement. 2009 Sep; 5(5):380-7.

Covinsky KE, Lindquist K, Dunlop DD, Yelin E. Pain, functional limitations, and aging. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2009 Sep; 57(9):1556-61.

O'Hare AM, Kaufman JS, Covinsky KE, Landefeld CS, McFarland LV, Larson EB. Current guidelines for using angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors and angiotensin II-receptor antagonists in chronic kidney disease: is the evidence base relevant to older adults? Ann Intern Med. 2009 May 19; 150(10):717-24.

Barnes DE, Covinsky KE, Whitmer RA, Kuller LH, Lopez OL, Yaffe K. Predicting risk of dementia in older adults: The late-life dementia risk index. Neurology. 2009 Jul 21; 73(3):173-9.

Lee SJ, Sudore RL, Williams BA, Lindquist K, Chen HL, Covinsky KE. Functional limitations, socioeconomic status, and all-cause mortality in moderate alcohol drinkers. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2009 Jun; 57(6):955-62.

Boyd CM, Landefeld CS, Counsell SR, Palmer RM, Fortinsky RH, Kresevic D, Burant C, Covinsky KE. Recovery of activities of daily living in older adults after hospitalization for acute medical illness. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2008 Dec; 56(12):2171-9.

Sands LP, Xu H, Craig BA, Eng C, Covinsky KE. Predicting change in functional status over quarterly intervals for older adults enrolled in the PACE community-based long-term care program. Aging Clin Exp Res. 2008 Oct; 20(5):419-27.

Schane RE, Walter LC, Dinno A, Covinsky KE, Woodruff PG. Prevalence and risk factors for depressive symptoms in persons with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. J Gen Intern Med. 2008 Nov; 23(11):1757-62.

Covinsky KE, Lin F, Bittner V, Hlatky MA, Knight SJ, Vittinghoff E. Health-related quality of life following coronary artery bypass graft surgery in post-menopausal women. J Gen Intern Med. 2008 Sep; 23(9):1429-34.

Lee SJ, Go AS, Lindquist K, Bertenthal D, Covinsky KE. Chronic conditions and mortality among the oldest old. Am J Public Health. 2008 Jul; 98(7):1209-14.

Yaffe K, Covinsky KE. Coronary bypass surgery and long-term cognitive decline. Ann Neurol. 2008 May; 63(5):547-8.

Williams BA, Lindquist K, Sudore RL, Covinsky KE, Walter LC. Screening mammography in older women. Effect of wealth and prognosis. Arch Intern Med. 2008 Mar 10; 168(5):514-20.

Doolan DM, Stotts NA, Benowitz NL, Covinsky KE, Froelicher ES. The Women's Initiative for Nonsmoking (WINS) XI: age-related differences in smoking cessation responses among women with cardiovascular disease. Am J Geriatr Cardiol. 2008 Jan-Feb; 17(1):37-47.

Covinsky KE, Lindquist K, Dunlop DD, Gill TM, Yelin E. Effect of arthritis in middle age on older-age functioning. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2008 Jan; 56(1):23-8.

Carey EC, Covinsky KE, Lui LY, Eng C, Sands LP, Walter LC. Prediction of mortality in community-living frail elderly people with long-term care needs. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2008 Jan; 56(1):68-75.

Ayalon L, Covinsky KE. Late-life mortality in older Jews exposed to the Nazi regime. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2007 Sep; 55(9):1380-6.

Moody-Ayers S, Lindquist K, Sen S, Covinsky KE. Childhood social and economic well-being and health in older age. Am J Epidemiol. 2007 Nov 01; 166(9):1059-67.

Lee SJ, Moody-Ayers SY, Landefeld CS, Walter LC, Lindquist K, Segal MR, Covinsky KE. The relationship between self-rated health and mortality in older black and white Americans. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2007 Oct; 55(10):1624-9.

Kurella M, Covinsky KE, Collins AJ, Chertow GM. Octogenarians and nonagenarians starting dialysis in the United States. Ann Intern Med. 2007 Feb 06; 146(3):177-83.

Mehta KM, Yaffe K, Brenes GA, Newman AB, Shorr RI, Simonsick EM, Ayonayon HN, Rubin SM, Covinsky KE. Anxiety symptoms and decline in physical function over 5 years in the health, aging and body composition study. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2007 Feb; 55(2):265-70.

Holroyd-Leduc JM, Sen S, Bertenthal D, Sands LP, Palmer RM, Kresevic DM, Covinsky KE, Seth Landefeld C. The relationship of indwelling urinary catheters to death, length of hospital stay, functional decline, and nursing home admission in hospitalized older medical patients. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2007 Feb; 55(2):227-33.

O'Hare AM, Bertenthal D, Walter LC, Garg AX, Covinsky K, Kaufman JS, Rodriguez RA, Allon M. When to refer patients with chronic kidney disease for vascular access surgery: should age be a consideration? Kidney Int. 2007 Mar; 71(6):555-61.

Covinsky KE, Johnston CB. Envisioning better approaches for dementia care. Ann Intern Med. 2006 Nov 21; 145(10):780-1.

Williams BA, Lindquist K, Moody-Ayers SY, Walter LC, Covinsky KE. Functional impairment, race, and family expectations of death. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2006 Nov; 54(11):1682-7.

Sink KM, Covinsky KE, Barnes DE, Newcomer RJ, Yaffe K. Caregiver characteristics are associated with neuropsychiatric symptoms of dementia. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2006 May; 54(5):796-803.

Covinsky K. Aging, arthritis, and disability. Arthritis Rheum. 2006 Apr 15; 55(2):175-6.

Steinman MA, McQuaid KR, Covinsky KE. Age and rising rates of cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitor use. Results from a national survey. J Gen Intern Med. 2006 Mar; 21(3):245-50.

Lee SJ, Lindquist K, Segal MR, Covinsky KE. Development and validation of a prognostic index for 4-year mortality in older adults. JAMA. 2006 Feb 15; 295(7):801-8.

Covinsky KE, Hilton J, Lindquist K, Dudley RA. Development and validation of an index to predict activity of daily living dependence in community-dwelling elders. Med Care. 2006 Feb; 44(2):149-57.

O'Hare AM, Bertenthal D, Covinsky KE, Landefeld CS, Sen S, Mehta K, Steinman MA, Borzecki A, Walter LC. Mortality risk stratification in chronic kidney disease: one size for all ages? J Am Soc Nephrol. 2006 Mar; 17(3):846-53.

Sands LP, Wang Y, McCabe GP, Jennings K, Eng C, Covinsky KE. Rates of acute care admissions for frail older people living with met versus unmet activity of daily living needs. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2006 Feb; 54(2):339-44.

Moody-Ayers SY, Stewart AL, Covinsky KE, Inouye SK. Prevalence and correlates of perceived societal racism in older African-American adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2005 Dec; 53(12):2202-8.

Newcomer RJ, Clay TH, Yaffe K, Covinsky KE. Mortality risk and prospective medicare expenditures for persons with dementia. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2005 Nov; 53(11):2001-6.

Sands LP, Landefeld CS, Ayers SM, Yaffe K, Palmer R, Fortinsky R, Counsell SR, Covinsky KE. Disparities between black and white patients in functional improvement after hospitalization for an acute illness. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2005 Oct; 53(10):1811-6.

Moody-Ayers SY, Mehta KM, Lindquist K, Sands L, Covinsky KE. Black-white disparities in functional decline in older persons: the role of cognitive function. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2005 Jul; 60(7):933-9.

Li AK, Covinsky KE, Sands LP, Fortinsky RH, Counsell SR, Landefeld CS. Reports of financial disability predict functional decline and death in older patients discharged from the hospital. J Gen Intern Med. 2005 Feb; 20(2):168-74.

Carey EC, Walter LC, Lindquist K, Covinsky KE. Development and validation of a functional morbidity index to predict mortality in community-dwelling elders. J Gen Intern Med. 2004 Oct; 19(10):1027-33.

Burton EC, Phillips RS, Covinsky KE, Sands LP, Goldman L, Dawson NV, Connors AF, Landefeld CS. The relation of autopsy rate to physicians' beliefs and recommendations regarding autopsy. Am J Med. 2004 Aug 15; 117(4):255-61.

Sink KM, Covinsky KE, Newcomer R, Yaffe K. Ethnic differences in the prevalence and pattern of dementia-related behaviors. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2004 Aug; 52(8):1277-83.

Walter LC, Davidowitz NP, Heineken PA, Covinsky KE. Pitfalls of converting practice guidelines into quality measures: lessons learned from a VA performance measure. JAMA. 2004 May 26; 291(20):2466-70.

Walter LC, Lindquist K, Covinsky KE. Relationship between health status and use of screening mammography and Papanicolaou smears among women older than 70 years of age. Ann Intern Med. 2004 May 04; 140(9):681-8.

Holroyd-Leduc JM, Mehta KM, Covinsky KE. Urinary incontinence and its association with death, nursing home admission, and functional decline. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2004 May; 52(5):712-8.

Covinsky KE, Yaffe K. Dementia, prognosis, and the needs of patients and caregivers. Ann Intern Med. 2004 Apr 06; 140(7):573-4.

Walter LC, de Garmo P, Covinsky KE. Association of older age and female sex with inadequate reach of screening flexible sigmoidoscopy. Am J Med. 2004 Feb 01; 116(3):174-8.

Chuang KH, Covinsky KE, Sands LP, Fortinsky RH, Palmer RM, Landefeld CS. Diagnosis-related group-adjusted hospital costs are higher in older medical patients with lower functional status. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2003 Dec; 51(12):1729-34.

Covinsky KE, Newcomer R, Fox P, Wood J, Sands L, Dane K, Yaffe K. Patient and caregiver characteristics associated with depression in caregivers of patients with dementia. J Gen Intern Med. 2003 Dec; 18(12):1006-14.

Yaffe K, Edwards ER, Covinsky KE, Lui LY, Eng C. Depressive symptoms and risk of mortality in frail, community-living elderly persons. Am J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2003 Sep-Oct; 11(5):561-7.

Mehta KM, Yaffe K, Langa KM, Sands L, Whooley MA, Covinsky KE. Additive effects of cognitive function and depressive symptoms on mortality in elderly community-living adults. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2003 May; 58(5):M461-7.

Lindenberger EC, Landefeld CS, Sands LP, Counsell SR, Fortinsky RH, Palmer RM, Kresevic DM, Covinsky KE. Unsteadiness reported by older hospitalized patients predicts functional decline. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2003 May; 51(5):621-6.

Newcomer R, Covinsky KE, Clay T, Yaffe K. Predicting 12-month mortality for persons with dementia. J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci. 2003 May; 58(3):S187-98.

Covinsky KE, Palmer RM, Fortinsky RH, Counsell SR, Stewart AL, Kresevic D, Burant CJ, Landefeld CS. Loss of independence in activities of daily living in older adults hospitalized with medical illnesses: increased vulnerability with age. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2003 Apr; 51(4):451-8.

Zimmerer JL, Leon JB, Covinsky KE, Desai U, Sehgal AR. Diet monotony as a correlate of poor nutritional intake among hemodialysis patients. J Ren Nutr. 2003 Apr; 13(2):72-7.

Covinsky KE, Eng C, Lui LY, Sands LP, Yaffe K. The last 2 years of life: functional trajectories of frail older people. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2003 Apr; 51(4):492-8.

Tan EJ, Lui LY, Eng C, Jha AK, Covinsky KE. Differences in mortality of black and white patients enrolled in the program of all-inclusive care for the elderly. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2003 Feb; 51(2):246-51.

Sands LP, Yaffe K, Covinsky K, Chren MM, Counsell S, Palmer R, Fortinsky R, Landefeld CS. Cognitive screening predicts magnitude of functional recovery from admission to 3 months after discharge in hospitalized elders. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2003 Jan; 58(1):37-45.

Steinman MA, Covinsky KE. Donepezil for nursing home patients with dementia: a reinterpretation of the evidence. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2003 Jan; 51(1):132; author reply 132-3.

Walter LC, Lui LY, Eng C, Covinsky KE. Risk of hip fracture in disabled community-living older adults. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2003 Jan; 51(1):50-5.

Covinsky KE. Malnutrition and bad outcomes. J Gen Intern Med. 2002 Dec; 17(12):956-7.

Sands LP, Yaffe K, Lui LY, Stewart A, Eng C, Covinsky K. The effects of acute illness on ADL decline over 1 year in frail older adults with and without cognitive impairment. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2002 Jul; 57(7):M449-54.

Mehta KM, Yaffe K, Covinsky KE. Cognitive impairment, depressive symptoms, and functional decline in older people. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2002 Jun; 50(6):1045-50.

Yaffe K, Fox P, Newcomer R, Sands L, Lindquist K, Dane K, Covinsky KE. Patient and caregiver characteristics and nursing home placement in patients with dementia. JAMA. 2002 Apr 24; 287(16):2090-7.

Covinsky KE, Covinsky MH, Palmer RM, Sehgal AR. Serum albumin concentration and clinical assessments of nutritional status in hospitalized older people: different sides of different coins? J Am Geriatr Soc. 2002 Apr; 50(4):631-7.

Justice AC, Landefeld CS, Asch SM, Gifford AL, Whalen CC, Covinsky KE. Justification for a new cohort study of people aging with and without HIV infection. J Clin Epidemiol. 2001 Dec; 54 Suppl 1:S3-8.

Steinman MA, Sands LP, Covinsky KE. Self-restriction of medications due to cost in seniors without prescription coverage. J Gen Intern Med. 2001 Dec; 16(12):793-9.

Walter LC, Eng C, Covinsky KE. Screening mammography for frail older women: what are the burdens? J Gen Intern Med. 2001 Nov; 16(11):779-84.

Covinsky KE, Eng C, Lui LY, Sands LP, Sehgal AR, Walter LC, Wieland D, Eleazer GP, Yaffe K. Reduced employment in caregivers of frail elders: impact of ethnicity, patient clinical characteristics, and caregiver characteristics. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2001 Nov; 56(11):M707-13.

Yaffe K, Barnes D, Nevitt M, Lui LY, Covinsky K. A prospective study of physical activity and cognitive decline in elderly women: women who walk. Arch Intern Med. 2001 Jul 23; 161(14):1703-8.

Walter LC, Brand RJ, Counsell SR, Palmer RM, Landefeld CS, Fortinsky RH, Covinsky KE. Development and validation of a prognostic index for 1-year mortality in older adults after hospitalization. JAMA. 2001 Jun 20; 285(23):2987-94.

Walter LC, Covinsky KE. Cancer screening in elderly patients: a framework for individualized decision making. JAMA. 2001 Jun 06; 285(21):2750-6.

Covinsky KE, Kahana E, Kahana B, Kercher K, Schumacher JG, Justice AC. History and mobility exam index to identify community-dwelling elderly persons at risk of falling. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2001 Apr; 56(4):M253-9.

Counsell SR, Holder CM, Liebenauer LL, Palmer RM, Fortinsky RH, Kresevic DM, Quinn LM, Allen KR, Covinsky KE, Landefeld CS. Effects of a multicomponent intervention on functional outcomes and process of care in hospitalized older patients: a randomized controlled trial of Acute Care for Elders (ACE) in a community hospital. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2000 Dec; 48(12):1572-81.

Covinsky KE. Bringing a generalist approach to the problems of older patients. J Gen Intern Med. 2000 Sep; 15(9):673-4.

Hamel MB, Lynn J, Teno JM, Covinsky KE, Wu AW, Galanos A, Desbiens NA, Phillips RS. Age-related differences in care preferences, treatment decisions, and clinical outcomes of seriously ill hospitalized adults: lessons from SUPPORT. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2000 May; 48(5 Suppl):S176-82.

Lynn J, De Vries KO, Arkes HR, Stevens M, Cohn F, Murphy P, Covinsky KE, Hamel MB, Dawson NV, Tsevat J. Ineffectiveness of the SUPPORT intervention: review of explanations. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2000 May; 48(5 Suppl):S206-13.

Covinsky KE, Fuller JD, Yaffe K, Johnston CB, Hamel MB, Lynn J, Teno JM, Phillips RS. Communication and decision-making in seriously ill patients: findings of the SUPPORT project. The Study to Understand Prognoses and Preferences for Outcomes and Risks of Treatments. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2000 May; 48(5 Suppl):S187-93.

Phillips RS, Hamel MB, Covinsky KE, Lynn J. Findings from SUPPORT and HELP: an introduction. Study to Understand Prognoses and Preferences for Outcomes and Risks of Treatment. Hospitalized Elderly Longitudinal Project. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2000 May; 48(5 Suppl):S1-5.

Covinsky KE, Chren MM, Harper DL, Way LE, Rosenthal GE. Differences in patient-reported processes and outcomes between men and women with myocardial infarction. J Gen Intern Med. 2000 Mar; 15(3):169-74.

Sehgal AR, Silver MR, Covinsky KE, Coffin R, Cain JA. Use of standardized ratios to examine variability in hemodialysis vascular access across facilities. Medical Review Board of The Renal Network, Inc. Am J Kidney Dis. 2000 Feb; 35(2):275-81.

Covinsky KE, Palmer RM, Counsell SR, Pine ZM, Walter LC, Chren MM. Functional status before hospitalization in acutely ill older adults: validity and clinical importance of retrospective reports. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2000 Feb; 48(2):164-9.

Wright PJ, Fortinsky RH, Covinsky KE, Anderson PA, Landefeld CS. Delivery of preventive services to older black patients using neighborhood health centers. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2000 Feb; 48(2):124-30.

Fortinsky RH, Covinsky KE, Palmer RM, Landefeld CS. Effects of functional status changes before and during hospitalization on nursing home admission of older adults. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 1999 Oct; 54(10):M521-6.

Covinsky KE, Martin GE, Beyth RJ, Justice AC, Sehgal AR, Landefeld CS. The relationship between clinical assessments of nutritional status and adverse outcomes in older hospitalized medical patients. J Am Geriatr Soc. 1999 May; 47(5):532-8.

Covinsky KE, Kahana E, Chin MH, Palmer RM, Fortinsky RH, Landefeld CS. Depressive symptoms and 3-year mortality in older hospitalized medical patients. Ann Intern Med. 1999 Apr 06; 130(7):563-9.

Covinsky KE, Wu AW, Landefeld CS, Connors AF, Phillips RS, Tsevat J, Dawson NV, Lynn J, Fortinsky RH. Health status versus quality of life in older patients: does the distinction matter? Am J Med. 1999 Apr; 106(4):435-40.

Justice AC, Covinsky KE, Berlin JA. Assessing the generalizability of prognostic information. Ann Intern Med. 1999 Mar 16; 130(6):515-24.

Kresevic DM, Counsell SR, Covinsky K, Palmer R, Landefeld CS, Holder C, Beeler J. A patient-centered model of acute care for elders. Nurs Clin North Am. 1998 Sep; 33(3):515-27.

Covinsky KE, Rosenthal GE, Chren MM, Justice AC, Fortinsky RH, Palmer RM, Landefeld CS. The relation between health status changes and patient satisfaction in older hospitalized medical patients. J Gen Intern Med. 1998 Apr; 13(4):223-9.

Roach MJ, Connors AF, Dawson NV, Wenger NS, Wu AW, Tsevat J, Desbiens N, Covinsky KE, Schubert DS. Depressed mood and survival in seriously ill hospitalized adults. The SUPPORT Investigators. Arch Intern Med. 1998 Feb 23; 158(4):397-404.

Chin MH, Covinsky KE, McDermott MM, Thomas EJ. Building a research career in general internal medicine: a perspective from young investigators. J Gen Intern Med. 1998 Feb; 13(2):117-22.

Covinsky KE, Palmer RM, Kresevic DM, Kahana E, Counsell SR, Fortinsky RH, Landefeld CS. Improving functional outcomes in older patients: lessons from an acute care for elders unit. Jt Comm J Qual Improv. 1998 Feb; 24(2):63-76.

Rosenthal GE, Harper DL, Shah A, Covinsky KE. A regional evaluation of variation in low-severity hospital admissions. J Gen Intern Med. 1997 Jul; 12(7):416-22.

Covinsky KE, King JT, Quinn LM, Siddique R, Palmer R, Kresevic DM, Fortinsky RH, Kowal J, Landefeld CS. Do acute care for elders units increase hospital costs? A cost analysis using the hospital perspective. J Am Geriatr Soc. 1997 Jun; 45(6):729-34.

Covinsky KE, Justice AC, Rosenthal GE, Palmer RM, Landefeld CS. Measuring prognosis and case mix in hospitalized elders. The importance of functional status. J Gen Intern Med. 1997 Apr; 12(4):203-8.

Covinsky KE, Fortinsky RH, Palmer RM, Kresevic DM, Landefeld CS. Relation between symptoms of depression and health status outcomes in acutely ill hospitalized older persons. Ann Intern Med. 1997 Mar 15; 126(6):417-25.

Chren MM, Lasek RJ, Quinn LM, Covinsky KE. Convergent and discriminant validity of a generic and a disease-specific instrument to measure quality of life in patients with skin disease. J Invest Dermatol. 1997 Jan; 108(1):103-7.

Antani MR, Beyth RJ, Covinsky KE, Anderson PA, Miller DG, Cebul RD, Quinn LM, Landefeld CS. Failure to prescribe warfarin to patients with nonrheumatic atrial fibrillation. J Gen Intern Med. 1996 Dec; 11(12):713-20.

Beyth RJ, Antani MR, Covinsky KE, Miller DG, Chren MM, Quinn LM, Landefeld CS. Why isn't warfarin prescribed to patients with nonrheumatic atrial fibrillation? J Gen Intern Med. 1996 Dec; 11(12):721-8.

Covinsky KE, Bates CK, Davis RB, Delbanco TL. Physicians' attitudes toward using patient reports to assess quality of care. Acad Med. 1996 Dec; 71(12):1353-6.

Covinsky KE, Landefeld CS, Teno J, Connors AF, Dawson N, Youngner S, Desbiens N, Lynn J, Fulkerson W, Reding D, Oye R, Phillips RS. Is economic hardship on the families of the seriously ill associated with patient and surrogate care preferences? SUPPORT Investigators. Arch Intern Med. 1996 Aug 12-26; 156(15):1737-41.

Covinsky KE, Landefeld CS. Using the biopsychosocial model in practice. Improving the care of patients with late-life depression. J Gen Intern Med. 1996 Apr; 11(4):249-50.

Covinsky KE, Goldman L, Cook EF, Oye R, Desbiens N, Reding D, Fulkerson W, Connors AF, Lynn J, Phillips RS. The impact of serious illness on patients' families. SUPPORT Investigators. Study to Understand Prognoses and Preferences for Outcomes and Risks of Treatment. JAMA. 1994 Dec 21; 272(23):1839-44.

Jonas A, Covinsky KE, Sweeny SA. Effects of amino group modification in discoidal apolipoprotein A-I-egg phosphatidylcholine-cholesterol complexes on their reactions with lecithin:cholesterol acyltransferase. Biochemistry. 1985 Jul 02; 24(14):3508-13.

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